The world of work is changing faster than ever. Technological innovation and globalization have transformed the traditional model for career success. The most reliable and profitable careers have become those with a focus on healthcare, science, or both. The following careers are not the top earning fields, but they have less upfront cost for a degree and offer the most opportunities in today’s job market with a much higher than average pay rate.

  1. Engineering

As a fairly broad field, engineering can lead to a job almost anywhere. The top-earning engineers work as petrochemical engineers, but everything from mechanical to electrical to civil to chemical engineering is booming in employment. As a highly-demanded skill set in many industries, this career will be incredibly valuable for a long time into the future. The salary ranges between $75,000 and $115,000.

  1. Computer Science

Computer science is the industry that everyone is talking about in the age of the internet. With such a rapidly-evolving digital landscape, the small business environment is in drastic need of experts in computer science. Whether as a programmer or developer, computer skills can be applied into almost every job field. This is a great way to develop a valuable skill and apply it to a field that is specific to your interests. Salaries vary depending on experience and industry, but the range is $60,000 – $110,000.

  1. Physician’s Assistant

With healthcare costs soaring, many institutions are turning to a more cost-effective type of medical professional. The physician’s assistant functions in many of the same capacities as a regular doctor, but their degree requires much less time and money. After just two years of graduate training, a PA can start making as much as $80,000 without massive school debts. Physician assistants can make between $70,000 and $105,000.

  1. Physical Therapist

The number of elderly Americans is skyrocketing, making physical therapy an important career for servicing their growing needs. With explosive job growth, this career is becoming one of the most reliable places to find a great job. Most licensing programs require about three years to complete. The average salary for physical therapists is between $60,000 and $95,000.

  1. Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical sciences have a little bit of overlap with engineering, but it has become a much broader field than biomedical engineering. The biomedical sciences focus on improving healthcare technology and evaluating medical advances. They work in research and regulation in environments like universities, hospitals and other types of research facilities. They can also find work in manufacturing industries like pharmaceuticals. The average salary for a degree holder in biomedical sciences ranges between $65,000 and $95,000. Top earners stand to make much more than this, however, if they can bring groundbreaking technologies and new patents to the market.